On average, puppies open their eyes 12 – 16 days after birth.
You can help your puppy…
The same treatment can be given if there seems to be a swelling in the pup’s eyes, and pus is oozing out. Using a q-tip dipped in warm saline water, very gently wipe his eyes in the outward direction, so that the pus oozes out from the corners. Clean this off with cotton balls dipped in warm water. You can put a drop or two of saline water in the infected eye(s), twice or thrice a day to clean it and remove the bacteria.
When is it time to go to the Vet?
The eyelids of a puppy have to develop fully before they are ready to open, since they have many functions. They not only protect the cornea, but also prevent the eyes from drying out. It is the eyelids that spread the tear film across the corneal surface. They determine the shape and size of the eyelid openings and also keep the light from hurting their sensitive eyes. The eyelids also produce tears and help in cleaning the eyes by spreading the tear film. The lachrymal glands situated in the folds of the eyelids produce thirty to sixty percent of the watery portion of the tear.
► When a puppy opens his eyes his eyesight is still not fully developed. His vision is fuzzy or blurry and focusing takes time.
► Dogs have more rod cells than cone cells in their eyes, giving them good night vision. But although they can detect motion at night, focusing is less so their vision is more blurred.
► The first few days after opening his eyes, a puppy can only make out lights and shadows. Not even shapes, really.
► Dogs have dichromatic vision, meaning two colors stand out prominently – green and blue.
► Dogs need sunglasses just like we do! And doggie sunglasses are called doggles!
► Most puppies are born with blue eyes and this color usually changes after 3 – 4 months, which is when they will turn a color that will stay for the rest of the pup’s life. Sometimes the color may change twice!
► Dogs can get glasses too! They are usually near-sighted, i.e., myopic. Getting them glasses or contact lenses will solve the problem in case it is too severe!